Best Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 1000 words

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi


Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi is one of the most revered figures in the history of India and the world. His life and principles have left an indelible mark on the fight for freedom, justice, and non-violence. This essay on Mahatma Gandhi will delve into the life, philosophy, and impact of Mahatma Gandhi.


Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. His father's name is Karamchand Gandhi and his mother is Putlibai Gandhi. He was a leader, philosopher, and activist who played a pivotal role in India's struggle for independence from British colonial rule. He was a true visionary who inspired millions with his principles of non-violence, civil disobedience, and simple living.

Early Life and Education of Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi's early life was marked by modesty and a strong sense of ethics. He was married at the age of 13 to Kasturba Gandhi and later traveled to London to study law. This phase of his life was crucial in shaping his perspective on justice and equality. He imbibed ideas from various philosophies, including those of Henry David Thoreau, which later influenced his own principles.

The Journey to South Africa

Gandhi's journey to South Africa in 1893 marked a turning point in his life. He went there to work as a lawyer but was deeply affected by the discrimination and injustice faced by Indians under British colonial rule. This experience ignited his passion for civil rights and non-violent resistance. Gandhi began his activism in South Africa by organizing protests against discriminatory laws. He soon developed the concept of Satyagraha, which means "truth force" or "soul force." he return to India in 1915, Gandhi immediately took up the cause of Indian independence from British colonial rule. He believed that India could achieve freedom through non-violence and civil disobedience.

The Philosophy of Non-Violence (Satyagraha)

One of Gandhi's most significant contributions was his philosophy of non-violence, known as "Satyagraha." He believed that individuals could resist oppression without resorting to violence. This philosophy was instrumental in many of his campaigns, including the Salt March and the Quit India Movement. Mahatma Gandhi, often referred to as the "Father of the Indian Nation," was a remarkable figure whose life and philosophy continue to inspire generations.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Role in India's Independence Movement

Gandhi's return to India in 1915 marked the beginning of his active involvement in India's struggle for independence. He advocated for non-cooperation with the British, urging Indians to boycott British goods and institutions. His leadership inspired millions to join the cause.

Salt March and Civil Disobedience

The Salt March of 1930 is a testament to Gandhi's commitment to non-violent protest. He and his followers marched over 240 miles to the Arabian Sea to protest the British monopoly on salt production. This act of civil disobedience garnered international attention and support for the Indian independence movement.

Imprisonment and Sacrifice of Mahatma Gandhi

Throughout his life, Gandhi was imprisoned several times for his activism. However, he never wavered in his commitment to non-violence. His sacrifices and determination earned him the title of "Mahatma," which means "Great Soul."

Legacy and Global Influence

Mahatma Gandhi's impact extends far beyond India's borders. His philosophy of non-violence has influenced civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela. His teachings on peace and justice continue to inspire movements for social change around the world.

Gandhi's legacy also extends to the realm of global politics and diplomacy. His ability to resolve conflicts through dialogue and non-violent means has left a profound impact on the world's understanding of conflict resolution.

The Importance of Simplicity and Self-Sufficiency

Gandhi was not only a political leader but also a proponent of simple living and self-sufficiency. He believed in leading a life of minimal materialism and encouraged others to do the same. His philosophy of "Sarvodaya," which means the welfare of all, emphasized the importance of economic and social equity.

He practiced what he preached by wearing simple, hand-spun clothing and leading a life of voluntary poverty. This commitment to simplicity resonated with many and served as a reminder of the power of personal values in shaping one's life.

Mahatma Gandhi's Tragic Death

Despite his immense popularity and the success of India's independence movement, Gandhi's life was not without turmoil. His unwavering commitment to non-violence made him a target of those who believed in a more radical approach. On January 30, 1948, he was tragically killed by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist who disagreed with Gandhi's religious and communal harmony stance.


Mahatma Gandhi's life and philosophy continue to be a source of inspiration for people seeking justice, equality, and peace. His unwavering commitment to non-violence, civil disobedience, and simple living remains a shining example of the power of individual actions to bring about social and political change. Gandhi's legacy serves as a reminder that the path to a more just and peaceful world is paved not with violence but with the strength of truth, love, and non-violence, which he called "Satyagraha.

Read about The Quit India Movement

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in Hindi

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